Category: Weekly Sermon

Mustard for the Silver Palate Luke – 17:5-10

Years ago when I was a stay at home mom with little ones, I participated in the “Welcome Wagon.” It was a fellowship for new families moving into the area. We had a babysitting co-op, craft groups and dining groups ,which included a gourmet cooking group. If you have seen my kitchen, you know that I have collected cook books for over fifty years. One of my favorites at that time was called The Silver Palate Cook Book and it often called for various types of gourmet mustard: Dijon, coarse mustard with honey, mustard with Cajun spices and other tasty varieties. The mustard seed is very small and the plants grow into shrubs. Mustard seed is quite nutritious in that it is more than 40% protein. The mustard seed was used by Jesus as a model for the Kingdom of God, which initially starts small, like faith, and grows to be the biggest of all garden plants. Some of the recipes in my cookbook took a lot of faith to prepare but the time and effort were worthwhile in the end result. What matters to Jesus is not the quantity of our faith, nor how long it takes before it blooms but if we put our faith into service to build up the Kingdom of God.

Mark Sheerin is currently a financial planner for a wealth management firm in Atlanta, Georgia. He is chief operations officer and part owner, overseeing business for the company and implementing client portfolios. He used to work in third world countries for World Vision, a Christian humanitarian organization that tackles the causes of poverty and injustice worldwide for children, families and their communities. He has been asked if working for the financially well off or for the poor is a greater mission? He wrote an article for Christianity Today. “If poverty is understood in terms of social constructs rather than economic ones, the playing field levels between the refugees and the investment banker. I did not come to call the truly faithful to the mission field, the less faithful to the pastorate and the barely faithful to finance,” said Sheering. Sheerin maintains that finance and feeding starving children both amount to good work in God’s eyes. Jesus’ mission was to conquer sin and its effects in all forms and in every place. Fighting against economic injustice through World Vision or through a financial planning firm are both mandated by God. Both tasks are valuable, both tasks seek redemption of broken systems and fallen people. Instead of digging wells, Sheerin now walks through the jungle of probate with widows. Instead of sponsoring children, his firm partners with families through difficult, end-of-life decisions.

Not everyone would agree with Sheerin’s conclusion, but most of us would acknowledge that a life of dutiful faith can be lived in many different types of employment and careers. Luke 17 is one of five places in the gospels where Jesus comments about a mustard seed. Three speak of the Kingdom of God being like a mustard seed (Matthew 13:1-32; Mark 4:30-33; Luke 13:18-19), one speaks to the disciples to explain why they were unable to cure a demon possessed boy (Matthew 17:20) and today’s text which responds to the disciples’ request that he increase their faith. Because of the size of mustard seeds, we tend to parallel this metaphor as a comment on the quantity of faith one possesses. NOT SO! Jesus is responding to the disciples’ request for more faith but their need is not for more faith, only a redirecting of the faith they have toward dutiful service to God rather than grandiose exploits.

There is not a heroic figure in this parable like the Good Samaritan, it does not tug at our heartstrings like the Prodigal Son, and no one gets shut out of heaven as in the Rich Man and Lazarus account. This parable has to do with “your servant,” who labors long hours in the field and is expected to fix dinner for his master before having any food himself. Point is: Does our servant deserve thanks for doing what is expected of him? Does your employer deserve thanks for giving you eight hours of work? NO and NO! Jesus says to the disciples seeking more faith, “So you also, when you have done everything you were told to do, should say, ‘we are unworthy servants; we have only done our duty’ ” (NIV). “Unworthy” really bites because it implies that no matter how much we do in service to God, we are only doing what is expected and it is impossible to do more than what is expected of us. We can never put God in our debt. In relationship to God, we are always servants. We do what we are told to do and should not expect special credit.

Even though the parable tells us not to expect divine thanks for serving God, there are times when someone says “Thank you” in a heartfelt way. When we see someone lifted from trouble because of our efforts or they relate some remark from a Sunday school lesson that helped them to make a positive career choice, we are uplifted and encouraged. It is nice to experience “warm fuzzies” occasionally, but in Jesus’ parable, he stresses that we should serve God because it is the right thing to do. Doing the right thing brings a satisfaction of its own. Today young couples work long hours and their bodies are in overdrive to achieve everything listed on their daily planners. Sometimes indoor household chores are divided and sometimes outdoor chores and the car care belong to one person alone. If either partner were to come home late, find the table set and pleasant aromas emanating from the kitchen, it would be greatly appreciated. Both people live in the house and keeping it clean, laundry done and meals on the table is shared responsibility. Why should either person be thanked for doing what is necessary to live decently? There can even be satisfaction in serving God when no thanks seems to be forthcoming. Responsibilities are part and parcel of any gift (When my kids were younger, I used to tell them that when they opened a gift, they were obligated to write a thank you note. If they did not want to write the note, do not open the gift! It was surprising how many notes they wrote), including the gift of faith which the disciples had sought from Jesus when they asked him to increase their faith.

The parable Jesus told invites us to see ourselves in relation to God as servants in our work, our church role, in moments of leisure and in the unexpected things that come to us and require a response. We do not earn our way into the Kingdom of God but we are granted entrance because of God’s graciousness to us.

There is an old story about a man seeking entrance into heaven based on good work and has been adapted to Mr. Sheerin’s experiences:
The man came to the Pearly Gates and asked St. Peter for admission. “On what basis?” Peter asked. “Well,” said the man, “I worked most recently in the world of financial management and I worked hard to follow God’s will.” “Yes,” said Peter, “But we expected that.” “Well, earlier I worked several years at low wages in the mission field. I tackled the causes of poverty and injustice in the Third World. I worked directly with children, families and their communities. I even helped people escape from human traffickers.” “We know” Peter said, “but that all needed to be done.” “I have worked hard to be faithful ever since God called me.” “And your point is?” said Peter. “That is all I have got! There is nothing more but the grace of God.” “Exactly,” said St. Peter, opening the gate. “C’mon in.” If mustard were like faith, would a little dab do ya? How big a dab do you need?


Categories: Weekly Sermon

No Smartie, No Cure – Jeremiah 8:18-9:1

Many of us in the “baby boomer” era grew up hearing that when we were sick, the nastier the medicine tasted, the better it was for us.  We were subjected to castor oil which battled with our throats to see if it would go down or return from whence it came, bowls of steaming water with gobs of Vicks floating on it to open our clogged sinuses, and if that was not bad enough, how about a mustard plaster slapped on your chest to continue breaking up the congestion?  I can still smell it now!  Scrapes and cuts were doctored with mercurochrome or merthiolate to kill germs.  I tried unsuccessfully to convince my parents that merthiolate did more damage to my owie than mercurochrome because it made it hurt worse.  Boy, did it sting!!  I was told, “No smartie, no cure!” I found no comfort in the extended stinging of the medicine.

What I did not realize as a child was that sometimes it is the most bitter stuff that produces better medicine that can actually benefit our bodies and souls.  Some vegetables which are deemed nasty and worse than bad medicine contain poisons that are only mitigated after cooking, like lima beans.  Raw lima beans contain limarin and a small handful can make someone violently ill.  They need to be cooked at least ten minutes to insure the breakdown of limarin.  That is why raw lima beans should never be put into salads.  Cooking lima beans renders them harmless and gives you lots of nutrition.  An apple a day can only keep the doctor away ifyou do not eat the seeds which contain cyanogenic glycosides causing cyanide.  Seeds from one apple will probably not harm you, but some people have consumed enough to die from cyanide poisoning.

The Hebrews needed more than a medicine, a balm to cure the illness that had been festering in Jerusalem and the surrounding land of Judah.  In today’s Old Testament reading, Jeremiah is expressing his grief over the destruction about to befall (or perhaps, the recently fallen) Judah at the hands of the Babylonians, either in their initial invasion of 597BC, or more likely, in their definitive destruction of Jerusalem and the start of the Babylonian exile of the Jewish people in 587BC.  The prophet summarized his feelings about the historical moment; devoid of joy, he is heartsick with grief.  His writings can be paralleled to a journalist or editor for the Arizona Republic or any daily reporting publication.  Any day we can pick up the front page and it reads pretty much the same:  an accident, a murder, everywhere a tragedy: floods, tornadoes, massacres, bombings, household violence, drive-by shootings, fires, drownings and death notices tucked in further in another section, but the page is designated on the front page.  Column after column, page after page laments the news of blood and tears.  We do not need the newspaper to tell us about broken hearts due to the loss of loved ones, or failed relationships, a parent with Alzheimer’s, the loss of a job or foreclosure on a home.  Some days our journals or diaries can read like the book of Job.  At any moment somewhere, someone is dealing with a crisis.

2,600 years ago, Jeremiah was in the midst of a crisis surrounded by broken-hearted people.  Babylon had demolished most of Jerusalem and had torn down the temple.  The armies of Nebuchadnezzar had stolen the best stuff and the best, most talented people, who contributed to society and the stability of the economy.  “Is there no balm in Gilead?  Is there no physician who can fix the ailing, hopeless people?  Where is God when needed?  When tragedy strikes, we want an explanation for why God is not doing what we want God to do.  We want to blame God some days and at other times, we want to defend God.  God does not protect us from all harm and yet, we want to pretend that divine protection makes sense.  Truth is that accidents do take place around good people and sorrow comes as part of the broken, random rhythm of the world.  

When our children and other loved ones get hurt, we try to comfort them by saying, “You will be all right.”  That does not mean that their pain is unimportant, because we know life is hard.  Everything might not be OK right at the moment and everything might not work out in the particular circumstance.  Finally, ultimately, in the end, eternity is structured in such a way that things will be all right.  The pain will not last forever.  God indeed listens to our cries.  God hears our problems.  God knows our needs.  God understands our pain.  God feels our anguish and works on our behalf, bringing joy where there is death, healing where there is illness, peace where there is violence, reconciliation where there is hatred and the presence of the Holy Spirit where and when we feel alone.  We might not get all the answers we want, but we get all God’s love.

Why did Jeremiah speak of the balm in Gilead?  In both Genesis 37:25 and Jeremiah 46:11 the area of Gilead is identified as a source of healing balm, a resin from the styrax tree (a bushy evergreen tree native to Arabia) used for its medicinal properties.  People crushed the plants, leaves, berries and bark to extract a pale yellow gum, which is then mixed with water to make an ointment.  The biblical concept of “balm” symbolizes spiritual healing and Judah’s people are suffering from severe sickness of soul.  God offers a cure, but they refuse to accept it.  Serious illness calls for serious remedies.  Gilead was a frequent place of refuge or deliverance for the faithful:  Jacob fleeing from Laban, Israelite refugees fleeing the Philistines and David’s victory over the insurrection led by his son, Absalom.  The larger, metaphoric understanding of Gilead may lie behind Jeremiah’s imagery, which was commonplace to Jeremiah’s first audience.

The disease in Judah had gone deep into the fabric of the nation:  people acted shamefully but had no shame; people deceived their neighbors, spoke lies, sinned without repenting; oppressed the weak and refused to know the Lord; turned to their own course like a horse plunging into battle; worshiped false idols and had declined living in the image of God; had become adulterous and a band of traitors by turning from God.  A cure for their illness required some bitter tasting medicine.  God decided that the people needed a dose of reality to attack the problems.  God grieved and so did Jeremiah and yet, God knew that judgment and grief were key ingredients to real healing for the sin-sick.

Things to remember:  There is no quick fix.  Getting rid of sin is a life-long process of God continually working in us to heal usThe process of God’s grace in our lives roots out sin and changes us, but that change can take up to a lifetime.  Healing is often painfulwe have to give up habits and practices to which we have become accustomed.  God’s grace invites us to make necessary changes to be whole and healthy God never lets us go.  Despite our sin, despite the disease, God never stops working at healing us, saving us and lifting us up.  Sure, there is a balm in Gilead but sometimes we need to be reminded:  “No smartie, no cure!” 

Categories: Weekly Sermon

Appointed to Serve – 1 Timothy 1:12-17

Scholars have debated for years as to whether 1 Timothy was written by the apostle Paul or one of his devout followers.  Ordinarily, Paul includes a thanksgiving for the work of the group he is writing to, but in this case, the author is thanking God for strength and for God appointing him to God’s service.  He is grateful for mercy, grace, faith and love imparted to him through Jesus.  If the author was Paul, he was attempting to paint a picture of his former self as a blasphemer, persecutor and a man of violence.  The focus of the letter is on the in-breaking work of Christ in his life.

When we meet someone today via written correspondence, e-mail, twitter, facebook or face-to-face, we generally ask: (child) What do you want to be when you grow up? (new colleague) What specific line of work do you follow? (at a party) If you could do any kind of work you choose, what would be your dream job?  Work, jobs, career, occupation, profession.  Whether we love it or hate it, a lot of people spend at least 1/3 or more of their waking hours working for someone else.  This is called a job.  Unless you have been blessed with a humongous trust, have an oil rig in your backyard or your last name is TRUMP, you will spend a lot of time working.  How do you find the best job for you; your dream job?  That is definitely a challenge!  Some have jobs as candy testers, wine tasters, and even a resort water slide tester!  How do you get a job like these and what are the qualifications?  What would you put on your resume’ to catch a potential employer’s attention?  I wonder, where was I when the cushy jobs were being created?
Paul or his understudy makes the statement, “Appointed me to his service.”  Did you ever want to interview Paul for his job as a preacher and apostle?  His job (as it were) allowed him to write letters, travel by boat, on a donkey, in an ox-cart and on foot–to places all over the world, even major cities and the seat of the Roman Empire.  He spoke to thousands of people during his career, and as spokesman for a new movement, he established adherents wherever he went.  He spoke to people of all economic levels, to the humble and the proud, to servants and even kings.  He visited homes, synagogues and palaces–and–spent some personal time in jail on numerous occasions!  Through it all Paul is judged to be faithful, as he tells everyone about good news:  Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners” (v.15).
Paul definitely did not get his job because he had always been faithful, pious and Christian.  In fact, Paul was probably the last guy in the world you would have predicted to pursue a career requiring him to leave his Jewish faith and occupation of Pharisee.  No one could have guessed that Saul would embrace the radical teachings of a controversial  Jewish subversive who would be executed by the Romans.  If Saul had applied for the job of being an example to those who would come to believe in Jesus for eternal life, he would have been the least likely to get the job.  Who in their right mind would hire a blasphemer, persecutor and man of violence to serve as an example to others?
As Saul, he clearly demonstrated leadership abilities.  Shortly after Christ’s death and resurrection, he was able to mobilize supporters to help him murder Christians, torture disciples of Jesus, and slaughter innocent people.  If he could not find others to carry out the job of making Christians’ lives miserable, then he was happy to do the job himself.  He was a diligent worker who was not shy about sharing his convictions and followed through.  He chased Christians from village to village boldly. He was confident that his reputation would speak for him.  People literally shook at the mention of his name.  He sought to destroy the hopes and dreams of early Christians and did his job well!  If he was asked to write a resume’ on what his greatest attribute was, he could have said, “I am your worst nightmare.  I am a man of violence.”  As a bearer of peace, Saul’s name would never have been submitted.  And yet, God saw more in Paul than he saw in himself.  When considering who to call to promote peace and justice, to be an example of compassion, caring and a model of the gospel, God somehow “judged Paul as faithful and appointed him to the service of Jesus Christ.”  God saw more in Paul than his past and did not define Paul by his resume’.  His past was not to be his future.  God can make all things new, open the door to new life and invite people like Paul (and us) in.
If God can transform a Saul into Paul and appoint to God’s service “a mean-spirited, blaspheming man of violence like Saul”–what are we waiting for?  Paul says he is a follower of Jesus, not because of his upstanding behavior in the past but because of God’s mercy and grace.  God understands that Paul acted in unbelief but is now ready to receive God’s forgiveness.  It is Paul’s experience within, and turning away from God, that makes him appreciate the gifts of God’s mercy and kindness even more.  It was Paul’s shameful past behavior that made him an ideal candidate for a future in forgiveness and redemption.  Who knows more about creating secure banks than a former bank robber?  Former conmen know how to beat the system (at least for awhile).  Perhaps that knowledge can be put to good use as in Paul’s case.  He knew that he had done some things for which he wanted God’s forgiveness and he knew what it meant to “fall short of the glory of God”(Romans 3:23).  Paul certainly did not lead a life that earned God’s trust.  He did not act like a disciple, follower or believer of Jesus–in fact, he was exactly the opposite.  But the reality is, Paul was still called by God!  This is mercy–to be forgiven not because of human action but because God chooses to forgive.  This is gracebecause God can see more in Paul than Paul can see in himself.  Paul has the awakening, the ah-ah experience that he is in a perfect position to talk about the value of God’s forgiveness and mercy.  He has personally experienced these gifts himself and understands their value.  This becomes good news for any of us who would dismiss our chances to be judged faithful or to be a disciple of Jesus; for those who have determined themselves to be hopeless cases, for all who feel like giving up; for all who feel they do not know enough about the Bible to be an active, committed follower of Jesus.
God wants us to know that our past definitely does not dictate our future.  Because of God’s mercy, we are not victims of our resume’s.  Our past does not have the final word.  God will give us the best job, our dream job.  God will create something new out of us.  We might not be asked to travel by boat (I was hoping for a cruise), donkey or on foot all over the world.  We won’t be invited to stay out of prisons.  That was Paul’s job.  We have been appointed to serve and it is our job to determine where God needs us to go to share the good news of mercy, grace, forgiveness and love.  To God be the glory!  

Categories: Weekly Sermon

Shaped by God – Jeremiah 18:1-11

Sunny Day Sweepin’ the clouds away

On my way to where the air is sweet (sung)

Who knows what show this theme song has been sung on for the last 40 years? American children, at least those with televisions in their homes, have been exposed to these words of the children’s television series, Sesame Street. Kids love and parents replay the song in their heads at the oddest moments, tormented by its repetition. In fact, it ran through my head repeatedly from 1am to 3am this morning, just because I knew that I was going to sing it to you as part of my message this morning. My question to you is how would you get to this place? It has no official address.

In rural American there are still unnamed and unmapped roads. Just try looking some addresses up on Mapquest and see where you might be directed! Residents of McDowell County, West Virginia pick up their mail at the post office. The 224 residents of Bartley, West Virginia consider “the old grade school” to be a landmark, even though it burned to the ground years ago. Did you ever live in an area where they would give directions to someone’s home in the country: drive down Main Street, go pass the old train round house (gone for 40years) until you get to the dead end where the brickyard was (where they used to make bricks for the kilns in the three potteries–all closed and the brickyard had been gone for 35 years), turn right and cross the railroad tracks. Go two miles and turn left at the big oak tree. Turn right at the third driveway with white pebbles. To get from point to point, you follow well known hollows (hollers in West Virginia), dirt roads and dry riverbeds.

Times are a-changing and addresses are appearing in rural West Virginia; street names like “Git-R-Done Dr.”, “Beer Can Alley” and “Dog Bone Dr.” are materializing. The prophet Jeremiah wondered if the Israelites knew how to get to the Potter’s House to hear God’s words. The prophet found his way and met the potter holding a spoiled vessel of clay and he re-worked it into another vessel. Jeremiah recognized that the potter’s work was an illustration of how God was shaping the people of Israel. The clay in the potter’s hand was just like Israel in God’s hand. Jeremiah realized that God controls the fate of entire groups of people as easily as a potter manipulates a lump of clay.

Sometimes the clay starts looking crumbly, but improves. “At one moment, says the Lord, “I may declare concerning a nation or a kingdom, that I will pluck up and break down and destroy it, but if that nation, concerning which I have spoken, turns from its evil, I will change my mind about the disaster that I intended to bring on it”(vv7-8). At other times, the clay starts out looking good, but goes bad. “At another moment,” says God, “I may declare concerning a nation or a kingdom that I will build and plant it, but if it does evil in my sight, not listening to my voice, then I will change my mind about the good that I had intended to do to it”(vv.9-10).

Jeremiah is reminding us that God is in control constantly working and re-working us into vessels that seem good to him. If we turn from evil, says Jeremiah, we will be shaped into something wonderful. If we persist in ignoring God and living selfish and sinful lives, we will be radically refashioned. Remember the old hymn, “Have thine own way, Lord! Have thine own way. Thou art the potter, I am the clay.” We sang it this morning. We are not so good at waiting as folks were one hundred years ago when the hymn was written, let alone “yielded and still.” We want to make and mold our own lives, instead of allowing ourselves to be made and molded. We want our own way, not the way of the divine potter. How can we get to the Potter’s House?

Steps to the Potter’s House:

1. Path to the Potter’s House begins with learning the right address. At this particular location, God is not expecting us to show up in some kind of perfect final form, nor is God waiting to jump on us to punish us for our sins. At the proper place on Potter’s House Lane, God shapes us into the people God wants us to be. We are permitted to be “works in progress.” There was a little sign by an artist that said, “Be patient with me, God is not finished with me, yet.”

2. Make a turn, turn from evil ways and God will change God’s mind about the direction to go. Turning and changing is the language of molding and making Nothing is fixed; everything is changing.

3. When you get to the destination, allow the potter to work with your clay as the potter chooses. Let yourself be shaped and re-shaped. Don’t worry about the shape you are in now. The potter can re-shape you.

Has your doctor ever told you that you are in great shape for the shape you are in? Do not fixate on the flaws of the past; the potter can purify you. Do not stress about the wrong turns you have made in the past; the potter can move you in a new direction.

Jeremiah 18:11 says to amend your ways, amend your doings. Allow the divine potter to make you and mold you, according to his will. Open yourself to being filled with the Holy Spirit until all shall see Christ only, always, living in me. Transformation is painful, because we like our old ways. We prefer our own doings and routines but waiting for God and yielding to God run counter to our daily routines.

Unless we find the potter’s address, we will never be shaped into the people God wants us to be. We will end up being less loving, graceful, hopeful, connected and content than we could be. We will never experience the truly abundant and everlasting life that we could enjoy. Take a turn toward the place where God will remold you. Do not be distracted by remote roads and dry riverbeds or pebble driveways.


Categories: Weekly Sermon

Kingdom Etiquette – Luke 14:1, 7-14

Since Jesus was so opposed to the Pharisees’ interpretation of the Law and their hunger for power and authority, it is peculiar to me at first glance, that he would be receptive to going to a Pharisee’s home to eat a meal on the Sabbath. The Pharisees were always so willing to scrutinize Jesus’ teaching and activities, and were constantly looking for an opportune moment to trap him for what they perceived to be a violation of the Law. Luke says, “They were watching him closely.” However, the scrutiny was mutual in that Luke records Jesus’ perfect response, “When Jesus noticed how the guests chose the places of honor, he told them a parable” (v. 7), which became a prototype for the kind of etiquette Jesus was promoting for the Kingdom of God. Jesus had no patience with arrogant celebrations and/or behavior. He did not like prolonged, premeditated and excessive celebrations. He likened the parable to a feast. He cautioned participants not to sit down in the places of honor, lest someone more distinguished show up and give the host a reason to say, “Give this person your place” causing you to take a walk of shame to a lower place.” AWK-WARD! Jesus advises, “When you are invited, go and sit down in the lowest place, so that when your host comes he may say to you, ‘Friend, move up higher; then you will be honored in the presence of all who sit with you’ ” (v. 10).

The point of the parable is that in the Kingdom of God we come as shirt-tail relatives to the marriage feast of the Lord and discover to our amazement that the host has saved the places of honor for us. Rather than being last on the invited guest list, we are called “friends” of the bridegroom (Jesus) in the presence of all. Our true identity, says Jesus is not that of a distant acquaintance. We are among those who sit with the most High as Christ’s friends and equals.

This kind of behavior is not a sign of arrogance, rather it puts you in the Humility Hall of Fame, a concept which is an oxymoron and illogical. Our culture is teaching a totally different kind of action. Children want trophies just for participating in sports, not for winning tournaments. Parents expect their kids to be admitted to Ivy League colleges, even though only one in ten will get in. College students want A’s, not because they have studied hard and learned a lot but because they showed up for class and paid $3000 tuition for the class!

And what about reality television, full of people who become famous for outrageous behavior, not for any particular skills or achievements: The Real Husbands of Hollywood, Jersey Shore, The Bachelor, Keeping Up with the Kardashians, just to name a few. Jesus makes a prediction that should be heeded by the reality television stars and all of us. “All who exalt themselves will be humbled, and those who humble themselves will be exalted” (v.11).

Senator George McGovern died last year, a Democrat who lost to Republican Richard Nixon. McGovern was no coward. He was a decorated bomber pilot in World War II, who served his country bravely and well. His staff urged him to talk about his war experiences, but like many veterans, he was reluctant to do so. He referred to himself as the son of a Methodist minister; a “good old South Dakota boy” who went off to war and had been married to the same woman forever. In short, he was humble. Maybe that humility served him well, because at the end of his life he was awarded the World Food Prize along with Republican Senator Bob Dole. Dole wrote in The Washington Post that “our most important commonality–the one that would unite us during and after our Capitol Hill service, was our shared desire to eliminate hunger in this country and around the world. As colleagues in the 1970s on the Senate Hunger and Human Needs Committee, we worked together to reform the Food Stamp Program, expand the domestic school lunch program and establish the Special Supplemental Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC).

Later, they worked in tandem to strengthen global feeding, nutrition and education programs. They jointly proposed a program to provide poor children with meals at schools in countries throughout Africa, Asia, Latin American and Eastern Europe, a program supported by both presidents Clinton and Bush, which now succeeds in providing meals to 22 million children in 41 different countries. McGovern and Dole, Democrat and Republican. Both fought in World War II. Both ran for president and lost, but neither are losers. Losers do not work together quietly and effectively to provide meals to 22 million children.

Jesus has concern for feeding the hungry, especially those who have no way to repay generosity shown to them. He says, “When you give a luncheon or a dinner, do not invite your friends or brothers or relatives or rich neighbors in case they may invite you in return and you would be repaid” (v.12). Most of us have dinners or gatherings for exactly the groups Jesus mentions. We enjoy feeding them and being fed by them. But Jesus tells us to go a different direction and think of hungry children, whether they are 2 or 2 million. “When you give a banquet, invite the poor, the crippled, the lame and the blind. And you will be blessed, because they cannot repay you, for you will be repaid at the resurrection of the righteous” (vv.13-14). Feed those who cannot repay you, commands Jesus. Make lunch or dinner for these people, not folks who easily pay you back with a lunch or dinner of their own. And do not just make it a meal, make it a celebration!

As followers of Jesus, we ought to work harder to make Christianity the most popular institution in the land. Being a follower of Jesus is a counter-cultural game to play, one that is based on the belief that “all who exalt themselves will be humbled, and those who humble themselves will be exalted” (v.11). Anything and everything we do to serve others without expectation of a payback will be seen as a success in the eyes of Jesus, and will move us closer to the expected etiquette in the Kingdom of God.


Categories: Weekly Sermon

Keeping Up Appearances

Luke 13:10-17 

Eugene Peterson in his contemporary version of the Bible (The Message) attempts to portray the Kingdom of God that Jesus has come to proclaim from his perspective.  His interpretation of this passage describes a woman twisted and bent over with arthritis for eighteen years.  If you have arthritis, you know that can feel like a life sentence as you gradually lose your mobility.  Peterson says that Jesus declared her to be free after laying his hands on her.  In response, she stands up tall and begins to praise God for her miraculous healing.  This account depicts an exciting moment for the woman who has been plagued by a spirit (illness was determined to be caused by evil spirits in Jesus’ day) and Jesus had power to remove the crippling spirit.  I want to rejoice for the woman who is now able to walk upright pain free, but the Pharisee at the synagogue on the Sabbath, where Jesus was teaching was angry because Jesus had cured the ailing woman on the Sabbath, the day set aside to worship and glorify God.  Indeed, the healed woman was doing her best to praise God for healing her from her infirmity.  The Law given to Moses clearly states that for six days God’s children should work but on the seventh, no work should be done in order to honor God and to rest as God rested from the work of creation on the seventh day.  Religious leaders saw healing as part of a doctor’s profession and practicing one’s profession on the Sabbath was prohibited.  The synagogue ruler could not see beyond the Law to Jesus’ compassion and pushed Jesus’ button of intolerance.
Jesus became angry at the Pharisee’s interpretation of the Law and called him a hypocrite, challenging and shaming all Pharisees present for their willingness to lead their livestock to water in order that they might not perish on the Sabbath, but it was forbidden to attend to the needs of a precious human, created in the image of God, a daughter of Abraham (a sister in the Jewish faith) and to not minister to her in her time of need.  In the Kingdom of God all should show compassion on other people and work to meet their physical, emotional and spiritual needs.  Those who had come to hear Jesus were delighted, joyful at all the things he was doing.  Jesus did not say, “I have solved your problem.”  He did not suggest that he cured the ailment.  He only says that he set her free from her infirmity.  Jesus’ words gave the woman the confidence and assurance she needed to stand up straight.  Her life was transformed.  A tiny bit of faith can make a profound difference!
This account of Jesus reminds me of the television sitcom, “Keeping Up
Appearances,” a British sitcom depicting the attempts of eccentric, social climbing Hyacinth Bucket (pronounced “Bouquet”), who desperately wants status and recognition beyond her middle class station in life, to be more affluent and influential in her community (like the Pharisees).  In one episode the church vicar sees to it that Hyacinth is assigned to cleaning church toilets at a work party–retaliation for her repeated attempts to humiliate the other women.  The Pharisees were so hung up on interpreting the Mosaic Law so that they would be needed as learned advisors, that they lost sight of their responsibility to be compassionate teachers and guides toward living a godly life.  From Jesus’ perspective they had ceased to serve God appropriately and effectively, and without humility.
The church today is under great scrutiny by the younger generation, gen-Xers, the early twenty-thirty something folks.  At presbytery last Saturday, a presentation was given by a  younger, Christian college professor, Dr. Amy Jacober of Trinity (Friends) Church.  She attempted to tell those who had come to hear her speak that young people have not lost their faith.  They sometimes feel trapped by the legalism of the church that professes to engage in Christian praxis.  She went on to say that young people are hungry to believe in a God who listens to their needs and gives them the opportunity to compassionately serve those in need around them.  They are frustrated by the multiple rules shrouding the processes to help others.
The Book of Order detailing our Presbyterian form of government is grounded in Scripture and build around the marks of the true Church.  It is in all things subject to the Lord of the Church.  In the power of the Spirit, Jesus Christ draws worshiping communities and individual believers into the sovereign activity of the triune God at all times and places.  As the Church seeks reform and fresh direction it looks to Jesus Christ who goes ahead of us and calls us to follow him.  United with Christ in the power of the Spirit, the Church seeks not [to] be conformed to this world but [to] be transformed by the renewing of [our] minds, so that [we] may discern what is the will of God–what is good and acceptable and perfect (Romans 12:2).  The Book of Order states:  We seek a new openness to the sovereign activity of God in the Church and in the world, to a more radical obedience to Christ, and to a more joyous celebration in worship and work.

These statements from our Book of Order were inspiring to me when Ruth Langford came to me on Thursday with a letter detailing a meeting she had attended at Kellis High School with the vice-principal and representatives from other area churches.  The administration at Kellis would like churches like ours to provide Christian guidance to students who desire it.  The school would like us to pray for Kellis and its students’ needs, and are requesting folks from area churches to show up for games and activities, to be recognized by the students.  The Peoria Youth Pantry workers will be invited to participate in these activities, if they choose, and will have badges provided.  The idea is that the students who have no one to care about them will know that people from our church are there to support THEM.  This project is being coordinated through the counselor who is working with the Youth Pantry.  She wants to come to Peoria Presbyterian Church to convey to you what the Pantry has meant to her students in crisis, what we have accomplished and how we can further our program.  The school needs tutors to come to the school to work with kids and the times and locations can be worked out through the vice-principal.

What an opportunity and invitation for the Church to participate in the life of a public school.  God has great plans for us to meet people in crisis on their turf and on terms different than what we might determine to be the NORM or the Law.  We have the chance to make a difference in the lives of young people who are thirsty for God’s love and compassion, to touch their lives, re-kindle their faith and make God an active reality in their lives through our support. 

We do not have to “keep up appearances” and go by rules that stifle Christian compassion.  The door to the Kingdom of God is being opened to blaze new trails and to introduce young people to a living God who cares for and about them, via the hands and hearts of Jesus’ contemporary followers.  Are you willing to walk through the gate and offer yourself in service as one of Jesus’ faithful adherents?  


Categories: Weekly Sermon

Cutting Pieces to Find Peace – Luke 12:49-59

Each time this passage comes up in the Lectionary (every three years), I am reminded again just how uncomfortable it makes me feel.  I prefer to associate Jesus’ peace with the passage in John 14:27, often used at memorial services and funerals, “Peace I leave with you; my peace I give to you.  I do not give to you as the world gives.  Do not let your hearts be troubled, and do not let them be afraid.”  I prefer the comfort and warm fuzzies alluded to by John and the stories in which Jesus reminds us that we are important to him even when we are not important to anyone else.  I like the texts that remind us of the many paintings we see of Jesus with a calm, serene, loving smile.

Instead, we are dealing with this text, which comes immediately after Jesus comforts the crowd, calling them “little flock” (making us recall the imagery of Jesus as the Good Shepherd) and assuring them that it is God’s good pleasure to give them and us, the Kingdom of God.  BUT Jesus turns around and says, “You think I have come to bring peace?  Nope!  Wrong assumption!”  We have only been thinking all along that Jesus was a peace-maker, but the truth is that he warned us that he came to rend/cut families and situations into pieces–to issue a serious wake-up call we need to heed.  The gospel of Jesus Christ is not the gospel of health, wealth, power and success.  It is the gospel of the cross, the gospel of piece-making.  Author Flannery O’Conner, whose writing I was introduced to in seminary has said, “What people do not realize is how much religion costs.  They think faith is a big electric blanket [warm and cozy], when of course it is the cross.”  The cross is where Jesus is headed as he speaks his hard saying.  Jesus was a piece-maker.  Think back to the scene in the temple in Jerusalem when Jesus was twelve years old.  He ditched his family to challenge the rabbis while his family spent three days frantically looking for him before they finally found him.  When they scolded him for his behavior, he tossed back the comment, “Didn’t you know that I must be in my Father’s house?” 

Much later, at the age of thirty, Jesus leaves his family and his father’s carpentry business in order to begin his ministry.  His mother and brothers come after him, but when Jesus is told that they are standing outside and want to see him, he points to his followers and says, “These are my mother and my brothers, those who hear the Word of God and do it.”  OUCH, that smarts!  In Luke 14:26, following today’s Scripture, Jesus says, “Whoever comes to me and doesn’t hate father and mother, wife and children, brothers and sisters, yes and even life itself, cannot be my disciple.”  What would James Dobson of Focus on the Family have to say about this one? 

It wasn’t just Jesus’ own family that he cut into pieces; he broke up a bunch of others as well:  James and John were in the fishing business with their father, Zebedee and Jesus came along and said, “Follow me,” and James and John left their father behind as he held the fishing nets in his hands.  So, what is Jesus doing; piece-making or peace-making?  This particular teaching of Jesus is like a slap up alongside of the head or a drenching with cold water in the face.  Jesus didn’t gently ease into these harsh words. Why?  Jesus did not hold back because he does not want us to hold back.  Jesus begins by telling us that he came to start a fire on the earth–to set off a time bomb–to change everything, to turn everything right side up.  He came to disrupt and confront. Fire is a biblical metaphor for cleansing, refining and purifying.  Jesus came to bring fire to the earth so that God’s people might once again be fruitful.  But Jesus does not stop there.  He promises there will be no peace, only division.  Don’t you wish you could have been sitting in the crowd, hearing Jesus speak, so that you could have raised your hand and said, “Excuse me.  Didn’t you promise to give us your peace?  Didn’t the angels promise peace among those whom you favor (in the Christmas account)?  I came for the peace that passes all understanding.” 

Jesus knew and still knows that wherever we go and whatever we do, we are constantly confronted–even in our own homes.  Family is where we want to believe we can find a source of community, a sense of belonging, and now we are hearing that if we allow the fire of Christ’s love to cleanse us, we will be divided.  The division goes beyond my University of Michigan friends cheering against the opposition: Michigan State University. The division Jesus speaks about is not what team color to wear, but whether we are willing to put on Christ, whether we will walk the way of the cross or the way of the world. 

The peace of God is not calmness or contentment or even experiencing the absence of conflict.  God’s peace is about wholeness, being at one with God, being at one with God’s will for us–even if that means dying in exile like John on the island of Patmos–or being crucified upside down in Rome like the legend tells us Peer died.  It is piece-making that leads to peace-making.  We know it is not just our biological families that become divided.  Paul’s letter to the church of Corinth was written in large part because of the division that church was facing.  Churches today find themselves midst controversial division and strife.  Why did Jesus tell the people there will be division?  To warn us?  To assure us?  To prepare us?  Yes, yes and yes!  Jesus did not stop at telling us that there would be conflict and division.  He went on to say that we need to pay attention to what is going on around us–to work out our conflicts.

We are called to feel the heat of the world, and like Moses, to stand before the Pharoahs of our day:  injustice, hatred, poverty–and work to free God’s people for God’s glory. 

Jesus spoke of facing a baptism, of being purged, drowned to sin, in order to create a new family–the church!  The Body of Christ!  Under the waters of baptism, we have been drowned into the Church, torn into pieces and washed into the new family of God. 

In the early church and in some Christian churches of Africa today, baptismal fonts were shaped like a coffin so that the little child to be baptized can be brought into the worship center (or) carried in a coffin, to be reborn into the new life of Christ and the church in baptism.

It is our obligation as Christians today to battle divisiveness that threatens to rip through the Christian community and to set us at odds with one another–tobecome stronger and more united as we all seek the same goal, living to bring God all the glory and honor.  I have a friend who always signs her notes, “God’s peace be with you.  May we know the peace of which Paul reminds us: “Keep our hearts and  minds in Christ Jesus.”  


Categories: Weekly Sermon

Expect the Unexpected

The Scripture readings for today emphasize God’s desire to do good things for God’s people and for all people who will respond in a positive way to God.  Luke quotes Jesus, “Do not be afraid any longer, my little flock of people, for God your Father has expressed a strong desire to give to you the kingdom of God.”  Jesus urges people to sell their material goods and to provide for the poor, to build up their treasures in the heavens, and to be alert at all times, watching for the coming of the Son of Man.  We are urged by faith to accept good things from God and to be ready when good things are dispensed so that we will miss no opportunity to receive them.  God’s desire to do good things for us is “gospel,” good news for all! 
I find it intriguing that Jesus tells us to be dressed for any and all actions.  He goes so far as to say that if the owner of a house knew what time a thief was going to appear, then he wouldn’t have let his house be broken into.  Likewise, Jesus points to his later coming when the kingdom of God is complete, saying, “You must be ready because the Son of Man will come at an hour when you do not expect him.” 
Life is filled with unexpected events and surprises.  Sometimes the “happenings” are the source of great joy and bring relief to the routine and boring tasks of everyday life.  You have often heard me say, “Expect the unexpected and you won’t be disappointed” and I often pray for boredom but God chooses not to listen to that petition in my prayer!  Sometimes the unexpected event or person is viewed as a disruption, an annoyance or worse still, a source of pain or anxiety.  When the unexpected occurs, there frequently is nothing we can do to avoid it.  Often the difference between an event being one of joy or pain is our degree of readiness for what happens.  Those who have prepared for the unexpected will use the opportunity afforded them to grow. My recent vacation was a mixture of some of those opportunities to grow in patience, compassion and understanding.  I leaned plenty about expecting the unexpected.  On Friday, only four days before I was to leave home and begin my three week sojourn, my mother called to say that she had had an accident which totaled her car, but she and the people she hit were all OK–Phew!  That was a relief because mom is almost 89.  She was planning on buying the car back but it would no longer be insurable–it was totaled, so it no longer exists to be insured–only PL and PD.  I had to rent a car to drive from the airport to mom’s (she usually comes with someone else driving her car to pick me up) and for the next ten days to get her to doctor appointments, shopping and out to dinner (she did not want me to have to work/cook while I was there).  According to the sign on mom’s dining room wall, she only serves three kind of meals: frozen, microwave and take-out! After my adventures with Mom, I drove back to the Ashville airport and flew to the US Air hub in Charlotte, the same city I spent four nights in two years ago when I thought it would be a great stroll down memory lane to visit Mom for Christmas.  There was a blizzard–the worst in 55 years and no snow removal equipment at the airport to clear the runway.  This time, all the planes were overbooked and my college roommate, whom I was to meet in Toronto, enjoyed the hotel room by herself as I arrived a day later.  It rained almost non-stop for three days, but stopped so that we could enjoy the open dome at the Sky Dome to watch the Toronto Blue Jays trounce the Houston Astros, to the delight of the Canadians all around us.  We got around Toronto via trolleys (buses) and subways utilizing the complex public transportation system, rather than pay a fee to get the car in and out of the hotel garage.  Parking in Toronto is like parking in New York City.  At the end of the second day, I read the fine print at the ticket booth in the subway and discovered I could have saved money with the senior citizen’s rate.  We drove to the Muskoka Lake region to soak up beautiful greenery/scenery, and more rain and temperatures from 58-68 degrees, and then went on to the North Detroit suburbs to experience more rain, but I got to visit my Alma Mater and view a whole new campus that has been added in the last 44 years.  I walked across the Diag and past the coffee shop I used to work in, which recently was sold.  It seemed like my vacation was destined to be extended because all the planes were overbooked and I would not be able to return home unless I switched airlines.  My suitcases had an all day stay at Phoenix International Airport and I arrived later in the evening so I could return to work on the designated day.  “Expect the unexpected.”  Lack of readiness and preparation for what we do not know can be unnerving and create anxiety butwhen we get over the initial shock and past the frustration, we can calm down and go about our business until another unplanned event appears.  Jesus is telling us to be responsible people, to ourselves and God, and not to allow the possibilities that events and people present to us to be lost.  We can grow only to the extent that we are open to what is presented to us.  If we are closed off due to lack of readiness, a complacent attitude, or refusal to interact with people or to deal with problematic situations or events, we will be the losers.  If we are not ready when God’s challenges manifest themselves in events to people, then we will lose a whole lot more.  If we are not ready when Jesus Christ comes to reclaim the world, we will lose everything.  We need to be ready and watching, “For the Son of Man is coming at an unexpected hour.” We need to ponder these questions: –Challenges in life present us with many different avenues and paths, some of which we would rather not travel when the fork in the road comes.  Have we prepared our minds and hearts for the path it will take or do we miss an opportunity because of our hesitation? –Do we plan for the future and make necessary preparations or live only for the moment and make no provisions for our future? –Do we safeguard the things entrusted to us?  Are we good stewards of God’s gifts? Are we prepared for the unexpected person, the “thief in the night,” who may come to destroy the things God has given to us? –What responsibility do we have toward others to see that they are prepared for the future?  Do we think of ourselves or can we extend our care to others?  Do we keep watch for others as well as ourselves? –It is exhausting and impossible to be awake at all times, but are we ready for the unexpected event when our senses are aroused to its occurrence?  Do we wait with a sense of joyful expectation or of fear and dread? 
I came home from vacation to find the preschool taking on a delightful new appearance under the leadership of our new director/teacher, who is diligently preparing for the opening of our new program.  She sang praises about the more than fifteen people who came to clean, inventory and prepare for school to open.  I went to Chancel Choir practice on Wednesday and was greeted by 25 smiling faces eager to praise God in song under the direction of our new choir director.  The lot behind the Fellowship Hall had two huge dumpsters placed on it to receive the debris from the dilapidated structure on it, due to be removed on Saturday-yesterday.  The ground shook on Friday as the giant palm tree, home to millions of cockroaches and palmetto bugs (and pigeons) was cut down.  God has great plans for the future of Peoria Presbyterian Church as we seek to care for what has been entrusted to us in this little corner of the kingdom of God.  Thank you to all who have been expecting the unexpected in my absence and faithfully preparing for our glorious future–yet to be revealed.  To God be the glory. Amen.

Categories: Weekly Sermon

Walking in Faith

Luke 10:1-11, 16-20

I do not know if you have any special routine or rituals that you observe when you get ready to go on a trip, but I try to make a list, write checks in advance to pay bills, and start gathering things to put in my suitcase.  I always seem to forget to do something, take too much stuff–or the wrong things, and then come home to a whole list of things I forgot to do before I left.  They are waiting for me!  Which is worse, getting ready to go on a trip or coming home and picking up the pieces?  Today’s text from Luke speaks about Jesus’ followers, the route for them to take after his death, and their attempt to share the message of the gospel.  The Disciples felt somewhat like “lambs in the midst of wolves” with very little success.  Their situation was considerably different from that of the proclamation of the Jesus of history as a Jewish Messiah figure talking about God and the coming rule of God, giving hope to the oppressed Jewish people in Galilee before Jesus was crucified.  As Christians today, we seek hope for a nation that is growing in the number of non-Christians taking power and having great influence.

Luke 10:1-11, 16-20 is permeated by a sense of  urgency.  The message of the coming rule of God must be proclaimed in spite of all dangers.  Apparently, the Jesus of history had pointed very effectively to the Lord God and to the necessity of acclaiming the Lord God and not Caesar as the ONE who should be the ruler in the lives of the people around him.  We need to also claim Jesus as the Risen Christ and God for today and every day.

Both the Old and New Testament readings express God’s mercy of the oppressed and the opposition of God to the oppressors, whether they be Canaanites (Syria), Egyptian, Assyrian, Babylonian, Persian, Greek or Roman, or within the Israelite or early Christian power structures.  If we look around us after celebrating the birth of our nation, we must remember that in the biblical texts it is the Lord God, not any nation or secular power, including our own, who is Supreme.

Luke’s account of sending forth seventy disciples in pairs to every town where Jesus went, seems simple enough but it is like each one of us planning a trip and packing our suitcases.  We have a basic outline we follow but then Jesus gives marching orders for all who would follow him.  We need to pay attention because Jesus is still speaking to us today, but there are some interesting glitches.

To follow in Jesus’ footsteps: Carry no purse, no bag, nor any sandals.  Travel light!  I do not know about you, But I am in trouble already.  I cannot pack to go away for more than twenty-four hours but what I take everything except the kitchen sink–and that is if I have my wipes with me.  Think back to Jesus’ time.  It made sense.  The more stuff they took on  a trip, the more they had to carry and worry about.  Stuff would drag them down, and keep them from concentrating on preaching and healing.  When I go to  a conference, I pack more puzzles and books than I could ever do in a month, much less 4-6 days.  And I have to pack for every conceivable weather pattern that exists in the northern hemisphere.  It we have trouble packing for a few days, how much more difficult is it to pack for life?  We accumulate things.  The more we have, the more we want, and the more successful we may feel.  Jesus knew things have a way of weighing us down and holding us back.  Jesus knew people had to eat, be clothed and housed but possessions can take hold of us.  Jesus wanted his disciples to remember what they could not live without was his power and authority–not what things they carried and claimed as their own.  Our security comes from trusting in God’s word, not from material possessions. Our ability to hear and respond to that word can be encumbered if we do not learn to ravel our religious path/faith journey in a “light” fashion. (Jesus is the light of the world.)

Second instruction:  “Greet no one on the road.”  That sounds pretty snobbish, doesn’t it?  I like/love to talk as you all know.  Imagine me walking by one of you and not saying a word!  Jesus knew human nature.  There is a job to do and it includes getting to a destination so that healing, words of comfort and salvation can be spoken.  To dally along on the road engaged in mundane and superficial chatter is not our mission.  The disciples had a job to do and so do we and Jesus does NOT want us distracted.  Some of us can cut ourselves off from worldly distractions by removing or turning off hearing aids, but we need to determine what is truly important in how we spend our time here on earth.
As people of God, we are given a task, “To go to all  the nations of the world, baptize and teach in the name of the Father, Son and Holy Spirit.”  That great commission is also our commission, our calling and sending forth, and in Jesus’ instruction for travelers, he reminds us that there is an urgency to our message.  We have news about life and death!

Instruction three:  Jesus goes right to the point when he says the task at hand is to announce peace, to heal the sick and to say “the Kingdom of God has come near to you.”  We are not the saviors here, we are the bearers of God’s news that the Kingdom of God is breaking into this world and we are called to point to it for others to see.  We point to the baptismal font and say: “Here is life-giving water.  God is at work laying claim to our lives.”  On Communion Sundays we can point to food on the table and say, “This food is a foretaste/a sampling of the great banquet to come.  God gave us his body and blood for strength for our journeys, wherever they may take us.”  We are called to feed the hungry, house the homeless and care for the sick.  God is at work through the loving hands of the people He calls into service.

Final word: “Whenever you enter a town and you are not welcomed, go out into the streets and say, ‘Even the dust of your town that clings to our feet, we wipe off in protest against you.’ Time is too short to be wasted in futile arguments.  Testify to God’s power and authority, proclaim the arrival of God’s kingdom; and let your witness stand on your own merits, win or lose.”  No one comes to faith without having been led to it by someone who shared the story of God’s love and grace with him or her.  It is our job to tell people God loves them and cares for them and to prove it by what we say and do.  Our role is to share the faith in a way that says we care and God cares.  Trust the Holy Spirit to do the rest.

These are simple instructions for our road trip to life–in this world where we walk by faith with God on a mission to do God’s work.  That is something to think about as we pack for our journeys.  So long, for now.  Have a great trip!  Amen.

Categories: Weekly Sermon

A History Changing Letter

Message Delivered on June 23, 2013
Galatians 3:23-29

For those of you who turn your televisions to the history channel from time to time, you will have no problem identifying with Paul’s letter to Christians at Galatia.  We can view this letter as a snippet of time captured in succinct words that convey the relevance of the gospel to Christians in any age.

Once upon a time, people wrote letters; not text messages, e-mails, or tweets, but epistles.  Pens were actually put to paper (papyrus, vellum, parchment and other early forms of paper).  These letters changed history in ways big and small.

It was a letter that connected Annie Oakley to the President of the United States, William McKinley.  The famous sharpshooter amazed crowds by shooting holes in playing cards tossed into the air, so she thought she could be of service to her country.   She offered her services in the Spanish American War, and those of fifty other female sharpshooters to be at the disposal of the President.  The women were prepared to furnish their own arms and ammunition, so as not to generate expense to the government.  Mr. McKinley never responded, but that letter helped open the door for women in military service.

In 1956, Geoffrey Boothroyd wrote a letter to Ian Fleming, the creator of James Bond, in which he criticized Fleming for putting a lady’s gun, a 25 caliber Beretta in Bond’s hand.  Fleming responded by rearming Bond with a Walther PPK and took on Boothroyd as an arms advisor, and created a new character named Major Boothroyd, known to fans as “Q.”

As pioneers moved from Peoria, Illinois and settled in the Arizona Territory, some working on the Arizona Canal Project, Jennie Mann wrote about starting a Presbyterian Sunday School to bring Christian education to the settlers’ children and children in this region.  She chronicled her experiences and we have included them in the history of our church, established in 1892.

The apostle Paul changed history by arguing that we are made right with God through the faith of Jesus, not the religious law diligently followed by children of Abraham, the children of the Covenant who adhered to the law outlined in the Jewish book of faith, the Torah.  In writing to Greek speaking converts to Christianity, Paul was addressing the concerns of the faith community, who wondered if they needed to add Jewish religious practices to their new faith in Jesus.

As radical as Paul’s ideas were to his listeners, I do not think they would have been ready for the e-mail I received this week from Lester Dray, which included the message, “Do you think Peoria Presbyterian Church is ready for this?”
       PREACHER: “Praise the Lord!”
       CONGREGATION: “Hallelujah!”

       (T-i-m-e is allowed for this to be accomplished).

       PREACHER: “Now, let us pray, committing this week into God’s hands.
                         Open your Apps, BBM, Twitter, and Facebook, and chat
                         with God.”

       S-i-l-e-n-c-e (except for gadgets running).

       PREACHER: As we take our Sunday tithes and offerings, please have
                         your credit and debit cards ready. You can log on to the
                        church wi-fi using the password ‘Lord909887’.  The
                         ushers will also circulate mobile card swipe machines
                         among the worshipers. Those who prefer to make
                         electronic fund transfers are directed to computers and
                         laptops at the rear of the church. Those who prefer to use
                         iPads can open them now. Those who prefer telephone
                         banking, take out your cell phones to transfer your
                         contributions to the church account.”

                        The holy atmosphere of the Church becomes truly
                         electrified all ALL the smart phones, iPads, PCs, and
                    laptops beep, flicker, and leap into action for the contribution.

              Closing Announcements:
              This week’s ministry cell meetings for various age groups will be
               held on the Facebook group pages where the usual group chat
               ting takes place. Please log in and don’t miss out. Thursday’s
               Bible study will be held live on Skype at 1900hrs GMT. Please
               don’t miss out.
               You can follow your Preacher on Twitter this weekend for
               counseling and prayers.

               Thank you for coming. God bless you—and have a nice day.

My response to all of this to Lester was, “I want to believe that the Lord of our lives is more personal and relational.”  Lester’s answer to me was, “I agree.”

After receiving Paul’s letter, the Galatian Christians realized that there was “no longer Jew or Greek—slave or free…male and female. Instead, all were one in Christ Jesus (Galatians 3:28).

History was shaped in small ways for President McKinley, Ian Fleming, and families of pioneers from Peoria, Illinois, but it was totally transformed by Paul’s letter to the Galatians.  Before Paul wrote his interpretation of the gospel, people believed and felt imprisoned and guarded under the religious laws, which restrained and protected them from hurting themselves and others.  The law was viewed as a disciplinarian.  The disciplinarian, paidagogos, from which our word pedagogy is derived, was a slave who supervised and guarded children, taking them to school and back, and overseeing their behavior, a “nanny” by today’s standard.  The protective custody was temporary because the children grew up and their services were not needed any longer.  Paul says they were guarded under the law until faith would be revealed; faith in Jesus Christ.  He suggests that there were two historical ages: the age of the law and the age of faith.  People had faith in Almighty God for hundreds of years but history changed when Christ faithfully suffered death and rose to new life.  Paul spoke of the law as a prison and prison guard, a disciplinarian (the pedagogue).  Paul insisted that after Christ came we were justified by faith and no longer needed a “nanny.”  Once Christ died and rose from the tomb, no human action is required except that we put our complete trust in Jesus Christ.  In Galatians 2:20 Paul said, “I live by faith in the Son of God, who loved me and gave himself for me.”

Personal faith.  Christ’s faith.  Together they form the Christian faith.  We no longer live in a nanny state, subject to a disciplinarian.  Paul believing that we are justified by faith and as followers of Christ, are now children of God.  Until Paul’s letter to Galatian Christians, “Children of God’ was a term reserved for God’s chosen people, the Jews, and could be applied to the first Jewish followers of Jesus.  These disciples continued to practice circumcision and to follow many of the religious Old Testament Laws.

Paul continues to emphasize that “In Christ Jesus you are all children of God through faith” (v.26).  The circumcised and uncircumcised, keepers of the law as well as those who knew nothing of the law.  Jews as well as Greeks–all are children of God through faith.  For Christians today, this letter speaks of the power of faith to create a new family called “Children of God.”  It does not matter what your ethnic or religious background might be or what language you speak.  It does not matter what level education you have attained or if you have a job or spouse or money in the bank.  What matters is faith in Christ. That is what makes us Children of God.

Paul gives us a new identity: “As many of you as were baptized into Christ have clothed yourselves with Christ” (v.27). When we clothe ourselves with Christ, we take on his characteristics and do our best to present him to the world.  This means showing his grace and his love, speaking the truth, and serving others with generosity and compassion.  V.28 is a political and social statement that continues to be recognized as such today.  In v.29, Paul is following through from his argument in v.16, “The promises were made to Abraham and his offspring, referring to one, which is Christ.  For the Galatians to be the offspring of Abraham is for them to be co-heirs with Christ and for Paul, this is the key point.  If the Galatians are upholding Abraham as a paragon of virtue, Paul is at pains to lead them to the next step of recognizing that Abraham’s virtue was not a product of the law but a product of faith.  I see this as the hinge pin, the key in human history that can unite us with our Muslim brothers and sisters who profess to be faithful children of Abraham.  It is our ministry as disciples of Jesus to proclaim that faith in Jesus Christ is the means by which all people are able to become heirs of the promises.  We have many words to share and letters to write.  I do not believe tweets can convey the “hands-on”, relational love of Jesus for all people.  Amen.

Categories: Weekly Sermon